By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Richard II takes place during two years of the life of England’s King Richard II, who reigned from 1377 to 1399. Richard II marks the beginning of a cycle of history plays that will provide a unique opportunity to rediscover how Shakespeare perceived ‘this blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England’. Gaunt is taken offstage and word comes that he has died. Gaunt is … In the presence of King Richard, Henry Bolingbroke (who would eventually be Henry IV) accuses Thomas Mowbray (Duke of Norfolk) of embezzling crown funds and of plotting the death of his uncle, the Duke of Gloucester. Omissions? The quarto edition omits the deposition scene in Act IV, almost certainly as a result of censorship. Read our selection of the very best quotes from Richard II, along with speaker, act and scene. Henry implies to Exton that he would like to be rid of his threats, and Exton then murders Richard. Now as Henry IV, Henry imprisons Richard, and Richard is murdered in prison. Shakespeare wrote and published ‘Richard II’ around 1595 but the first editions of the play were printed without an important scene: the Parliament scene or ‘abdication episode’ which shows Richard II resigning his throne. Richard hands over his crown in a ceremony. Richard gives in to their demands to work out their differences in one-on-one combat at Coventry. With David Tennant, Elliot Barnes-Worrell, Antony Byrne, Sean Chapman. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Summary Read a Plot Overview of the entire play or a scene by scene Summary and Analysis. Within Shakespeare’s “Richard II” the tragic hero of the play, King Richard, displays a great feeling of pride regarding his belief that he is God's anointed deputy and this absolute faith elevates him. Both of these monetary acquisitions have helped him to fund wars with Ireland. He brings the body to London. Act 1, Scene 3: The lists at Coventry. Furthermore, his cousin, Duke of York, unable to prevent Henry's triumphant return, has joined him instead. Act 1, Scene 2: The DUKE OF LANCASTER'S palace. Folger Shakespeare » Shakespeare’s Plays, Sonnets, and Poems » Richard II » Act 2, scene 1 » Richard II. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Shakespeare began his career with a history play, and he wrote eight major history plays in the 1590s; all concerned with English history, the kings, queens and historical events ranging from about 1377, when Richard II assumed the throne, to about 1485, when Richard III was deposed and the rule of … The most important moment in the play was the deposing of the king where Richard actually resigned the crown and gave it to his cousin Henry. A synopsis of Shakespeare's Richard II Read More. Richard II was directed by Rupert Goold, who adapted the screenplay with Ben Power. Updates? Richard II was king 1377-1399, and this play covers the last couple of years of his reign, and his deposition. Editor of. (Its sequel plays are Henry IV, Parts 1 & 2, and Henry V.) Richard II, set around the year 1398, traces the fall from power of the last king of the house of Plantagenet, Richard II, and his replacement by the first Lancaster king, Henry IV … Richard II is a 2012 British television film based on William Shakespeare's play of the same name.It is the first of four television adaptations of Shakespeare's second history tetralogy commissioned by BBC Two under the series title The Hollow Crown. A man whose vanity threatens to divide the great houses of England and drag his people into a dynastic civil war that will last 100 years. Amazon Price New from Used from Kindle Edition "Please retry" £0.49 — — And responding to Henry's father Lancaster's pleas, he limits Henry's exile to six years. You can buy the Arden text of this play from the Amazon.com online bookstore: King Richard II (Arden Shakespeare: Third Series) Entire play in one page. It turns out that he has also been leasing out royal land. From this moment of truth, he rediscovers pride, trust, and courage, so that, when he is murdered, he dies with access to strength and an ascending spirit. Some more of Richard's friends have also betrayed the King's cause. ; he kills political rivals. He toys with his subjects, exiling Bolingbroke for six years. Richard II details the reign of the historical Richard II of England, who sat on the throne from 1377 to 1399, and his usurpation by Henry Bolingbroke, later King Henry IV. This presents some memorable dialogue and wonderful quotes as the play progresses – from both the King, and his subjects. “This royal throne of kings, this sceptered isle, This earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, This other … Richard II Act 2, scene 1. Richard expresses his fury. The independent charity that cares for the world’s greatest Shakespeare heritage sites in Stratford-upon-Avon, and promotes the enjoyment and understanding of his works, life and times all over the world. © 2020 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Registered Charity Number 209302, Read the latest about our response to Covid-19 Modern historians do not accept this interpretation, while not exonerating Richard from responsibility for his own deposition. The play was popular during the 1590s and early 1600s, and may have also been performed at the Curtain and the Swan. The private tragedy of the play, for Richard, is in his being forced to face this duality. Richard II was first printed in 1597 as a quarto (Q1) and then reprinted twice in 1598 (Q2 and Q3). Richard II is the first play in a tetralogy (a group of four plays) commonly referred to as the “Henriad.” This set of plays depicts the historic struggles for the English throne, and, along with Shakespeare’s other tetralogy, the changes of power that eventually led to the rule of Queen Elizabeth I, the monarch of England during the first part of Shakespeare’s career. Born the grandson of Edward III and a member of the Plantagenet family, Richard II inherited the throne as a child. The play ends with Henry inquiring about his own wastrel son, Prince Hal, and swearing to make a pilgrimage to the Holy Land to atone for his part in Richard’s murder. Richard takes possession of Gaunt's land and money. Ironically, Shakespeare's dramatically themed portrait of Richard II has largely overshadowed the historic persona. A story of power and plotting, Richard II is the first of Shakespeare's four plays about the House of Lancaster. NORTHUMBERLAND That were some love but little policy. Others have been executed on Henry's orders. Synopsis: John of Gaunt, knowing that he is dying, speaks plainly to Richard about his deficiencies as king. Richard II is a 2012 British television film based on William Shakespeare's play of the same name.It is the first of four television adaptations of Shakespeare's second history tetralogy commissioned by BBC Two under the series title The Hollow Crown. Richard II Act 2, scene 1. King Richard II banishes Henry Bolingbroke, seizes noble land, and uses the money to fund wars. Richard II, written around 1595, is the first play in Shakespeare's second "history tetralogy," a series of four plays that chronicles the rise of the house of Lancaster to the British throne. The play is the first in a sequence of four history plays (the other three being Henry IV, Part 1, Henry IV, Part 2, and Henry V) known collectively as the “second tetralogy,” treating major events in English history of the late 14th and early 15th centuries. Ben Whishaw stars as the titular Richard II of England. A jewel in a ten-times-barr'd-up chest Is a bold spirit in a loyal breast. Richard's posthumous reputation has been shaped to a large extent by William Shakespeare, whose play Richard II portrayed Richard's misrule and his deposition as responsible for the 15th-century Wars of the Roses. The White Hart ("hart" being an archaic word for a mature stag) was the personal badge of Richard II, who probably derived it from the arms of his mother, Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent", heiress of Edmund of Woodstock.It may also have been a pun on his name, as in "Rich-hart". For a discussion of this play within the context of Shakespeare’s entire corpus, see William Shakespeare: Shakespeare’s plays and poems. Merchandise. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. That character, however rooted in history it may be, is ultimately a construct in which history is subservient to Shakespeare's dramatic purpose. World authority on Shakespeare. TL;DR: Richard wastes money, steals land, and kills political rivals; people are angry and rebel; Henry becomes king. by Shakespeare, William, Dawson, Anthony B., Yachnin, Paul (ISBN: 9780199602285) from Amazon's Book Store. Henry spares the son of York, but he is now aware of his tenuous position as king. Join WNYC and The Public Theater as we bring Free Shakespeare in the Park to the airwaves with William Shakespeare's RICHARD II. This history play by William Shakespeare, which is believed to hav Richard II takes place during two years of the life of England’s King Richard II, who reigned from 1377 to 1399. This is rather bold characterization, somewhat melodramatic, and more typical of Shakespeare's early plays than his later ones. Weep thou for me in France, I for thee here; Better far off than near, be ne'er the near. Richard II belongs to William Shakespeare's history plays. Corrections? Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Character Analysis Richard II As a king, Richard is supposedly divine and all powerful; as a man, he is an ordinary mortal and prey to his own weaknesses. Born the grandson of Edward III and a member of the Plantagenet family, Richard II inherited the throne as a child. In the presence of King Richard, Henry Bolingbroke (who would eventually be Henry IV) accuses Thomas Mowbray (Duke of Norfolk) of embezzling crown funds and of plotting the death of his uncle, the Duke of Gloucester. Richard II. The seizure gives Bolingbroke an excuse to invade England with his own armies; he insists that his return in arms is solely to regain his illegally seized dukedom. Henry marches through England, gathering his willing forces. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Richard-II-by-Shakespeare, The Complete Works of William Shakespeare - Richard II, William Shakespeare: Shakespeare’s plays and poems. One of Shakespeare’s history plays, Richard II is a cultured and charming man, but a failure as King. Presented in three weekly episodes, Richard II tells the timely story of the downfall and overthrow of a despotic and mercurial King, by the opposing forces of the banished Henry Bolingbroke who ascends the throne to become Henry IV. After taking refuge at Flint castle, Richard surrenders and agrees to go to London, where the lords will decide what should happen next. The play ends as King Henry banishes Exton, orders a funeral for Richard, and swears to make reparation for his cousin's death by going on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. The play was entered into the Register of the Stationers Company on 29 August 1597 by the bookseller Andrew Wise. Richard begins the play as an extravagant, self-indulgent king. Thank you for your support to help care for the world's greatest Shakespeare heritage and keep his story alive. In 1608, the play was printed again (Q4), this time including what we now refer to as the deposition scene (4.1.160–331). The play opens in King Richard's court, as Henry Bolingbroke, son of Gaunt (the Duke of Lancaster), challenges Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. He exiles two feuding noblemen, Thomas Mowbray and Henry Bolingbroke, seemingly because Mowbray has been implicated along with Richard himself in the murder of Richard’s uncle Thomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester, while Bolingbroke, Richard’s first cousin, is a threat to the king because he is intent on avenging the death of Gloucester. The private tragedy of the play, for Richard, is in his being forced to face this duality. Due to this, Shakespeare took many information about the circumstances of the king's deposition from chronicles written by Raphael Holinshed and Edward Hall which helped him to present the events in a greater detail. Looking for Richard II quotes? Shakespeare shows Richard quite openly preparing to take his country's wealth to spend on a foreign war and also hoping for an early death for the venerable old Gaunt. Some lords join in a plot against Henry but York, the father of one of the nobles, relates their machinations to Henry. By focusing on the very end of Richard's reign and the thematic undertones of the play, Shakespeare manipulated the story to create a poetically tragic character. Instead Richard chooses to exile both Henry and Mowbray. Richard II (Shakespeare, Signet Classic) Mass Market Paperback – 15 May 1963 by William Shakespeare (Author) 4.3 out of 5 stars 51 ratings. 10 likes. With mine own tears I wash away my balm, With mine own hands I give away my crown. Shakespeare’s Richard II presents a momentous struggle between Richard II and his cousin Henry Bolingbroke. York, however, recognizes that change is inevitable and swears allegiance to Bolingbroke. Explore information and resources for teachers and learners on Richard II Find out more. Henry claims innocence, blaming Exton for misunderstanding his intentions. One of Shakespeare’s history plays, Richard II is a cultured and charming man, but a failure as King. Unable to defeat Bolingbroke militarily, Richard reluctantly agrees to surrender and abdicate the throne. Henry accuses Mowbray of being involved in the recent death of the King's uncle (who is also Henry's uncle; Henry and the King are cousins). The commoners and nobles are already critical of Richard. Past productions. Act 2, Scene 2: The palace. A story of power and plotting, Richard II is the first of Shakespeare's four plays about the House of Lancaster. Richard IIis a grand, lyrical allegory and a poignant exploration of character. When Henry hears that his father has died and that Richard took his inheritance, he returns from exile with an invading army. KING RICHARD II So two, together weeping, make one woe. Richard is the legitimate king; he succeeded his grandfather, King Edward III, after the earlier death of his father Edward, the Black Prince. Richard II Starring David Tennant The first part of his history tetralogy, Shakespeare’s interpretation of the deposed king is brought to life in this richly detailed production from the Royal Shakespeare … Richard II was directed by Rupert Goold, who adapted the screenplay with Ben Power. Synopsis. Ben Whishaw stars as the titular Richard II of England. Richard II, chronicle play in five acts by William Shakespeare, written in 1595–96 and published in a quarto edition in 1597 and in the First Folio of 1623. David Tennant stars as the doomed Richard II in Greg Doran’s critically-acclaimed Royal Shakespeare Company production, available for the first time online across the world. Bolingbroke, now King Henry IV, performs his first royal act (and displays his pragmatic approach to governing) by acquiescing to the Duchess of York’s pleas for Aumerle’s life while the zealous York demands his “disloyal” son’s execution. To make matters worse, Richard leaves on an expedition to Ireland. KING RICHARD II Ay, hand from hand, my love, and heart from heart. He is keenly aware of the magnitude of the crime which he is embarking on, and he quickly learns the tediousness of being a ruler, as is particularly evident in the scene which precedes Richard's prison cell monologue. Buy Richard II: The Oxford Shakespeare (Oxford World's Classics) Critical ed. York’s son, the Duke of Aumerle, remains loyal to Richard despite his father’s change of allegiance. While much of the play is true to the facts of Richard’s life, Shakespeare’s account of his murder rests on no reliable authority. But he is also a man of very human weakness. Celebrating Shakespeare is at the heart of everything we do. Powerful earls, especially the Earl of Northumberland and his family, support Bolingbroke because of their intense disapproval of Richard’s invasion of baronial rights. In 1608, the play was printed again (Q4), this time including what we now refer to as the deposition scene (4.1.160–331). Richard II, chronicle play in five acts by William Shakespeare, written in 1595–96 and published in a quarto edition in 1597 and in the First Folio. Free Shakespeare on the Radio: Richard II FROM OPEN AIR TO ON THE AIR! The first performance of Richard II was probably during the autumn of 1595 by Shakespeare’s company the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, most likely at James Burbage’s Theatre. Act 1, Scene 1: London.KING RICHARD II's palace. Act 1, Scene 4: The court. Like “My dear dear lord, The purest treasure mortal times afford Is spotless reputation: that away, Men are but gilded loam or painted clay. He banishes Mowbray for life. QUEEN Banish us both and send the king with me. But it re… Richard expresses his fury. Henry returns to England to reclaim his land, gathers an army of those opposed to Richard, and deposes him. One day I will read more about Shakespeare’s life and how these plays came to be produced and printed. Richard arrives back after the Irish war to find that his Welsh allies have dispersed. The insult to himself and his father and the urging which he receives from his peers are the determining factors in his effort to depose Richard. Act 2, Scene 1: Ely House. ; he kills political rivals. The play is the first in a sequence of four history plays known collectively as the ‘second tetralogy.’ They welcome Henry in the north, led by the powerful Earl of Northumberland, Henry Percy. In line with his customary behaviour, Richard is misled by his friends into poor government of the country. This version of the play was then reprinted in 1615 (Q5). Read on below for the most well known and significant Richard II quotes: ― William Shakespeare, Richard II. Shakespeare began his career with a history play, and he wrote eight major history plays in the 1590s; all concerned with English history, the kings, queens and historical events ranging from about 1377, when Richard II assumed the throne, to about 1485, when Richard III was deposed and the rule of Henry VII began. In prison—lonely, miserable, and forgotten—he soliloquizes on the meaning of his suffering. Find out more. A monarch ordained by God to lead his people. QUEEN Then whither he goes, thither let me go. When John of Gaunt, Bolingbroke’s father, dies, Richard seizes his properties to finance a war against the Irish. King Henry IV's rule (and his dealings with his son, Hal, who eventually becomes King Henry V) are the subject of Shakespeare's plays, Henry IV Part 1 and Henry IV Part 2. Find out more about his poor rule as king, his loss of the crown and his eventual murder Summary of William Shakespeare's Richard II: Richard wastes money, steals land, and kills political rivals; people are angry and rebel; Henry becomes king. Character Analysis Richard II As a king, Richard is supposedly divine and all powerful; as a man, he is an ordinary mortal and prey to his own weaknesses. As the tournament begins, the uncertain and impulsive Richard stops the contest. This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle… This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England. Henry's father, Gaunt, dies, finally broken by his son's banishment, and by the state of the kingdom under Richard's rule. Richard II is a play by William Shakespeare that was first performed in 1597. Richard II was seen as a politically suspect them… Henry subsequently imprisons him in Pontefract castle. Directed by Gregory Doran. Our year-long exploration of ‘our scepter’d isle’ will take us on a journey through history via Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI, and Richard III. Richard’s last surviving uncle, Edmund of Langley, duke of York, serves as regent while the king is fighting in Ireland. What makes Richard II such a brilliant play was Shakespeare’s effort to find the larger meanings behind the historical events. Richard's queen is sent home to France. Folger Shakespeare » Shakespeare’s Plays, Sonnets, and Poems » Richard II » Act 2, scene 1 » Richard II. Synopsis: John of Gaunt, knowing that he is dying, speaks plainly to Richard about his deficiencies as king. Yet Richard is also seen by many as a tyrant. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A complete summary of William Shakespeare's Play, Richard II. In view of the insurrections against him, King Richard is persuaded to step down in favour of Henry Bolingbroke, now King Henry IV. It was almost certainly revived at the Globeon 7 February 1601, when a performance was commanded by one of the Earl of Essex’s supporters shortly before his rebellion. This version of the play was then reprinted in 1615 (Q5). Discover more about our previous productions of Shakespeare's Richard II Read More. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Richard II was first printed in 1597 as a quarto (Q1) and then reprinted twice in 1598 (Q2 and Q3). Phyllis Fay Horton Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in the Humanities and Chair of Theatre and Performance Studies, University of Chicago. David Tennant stars as the doomed Richard II in Greg Doran’s critically-acclaimed Royal Shakespeare Company production, available for the first time online across the world. His nobles are dismayed, not only because of the waste of the kingdom's money but also for fear over the security of their own estates. Education. Find out more. The story of Richard II was taken mainly from Raphael Holinshed’s Chronicles.